SELF-EFFICACY AND ATTRIBUTION STYLES AS PREDICTORS OF CHEMISTRY ACHIEVEMENT AMONG SECONDARY SCHOOL STUDENTS IN IMO STATE

  • Akanazu Eze C. Nnamdi Azikiwe University, Awka, Nigeria
  • J.N Okoli Nnamdi Azikiwe University, Awka, Nigeria
Keywords: Chemistry, Achievement, Self-efficacy, Attribution Styles, Predictors

Abstract

This paper investigated self-efficacy and attribution styles
as predictors of chemistry achievement among secondary
school students in Imo State. Three research questions and
three hypotheses guided the study. The study adopted a
predictive correlational survey research design. The
population of this study comprised all senior secondary
school Chemistry students in 295 public secondary
schools in all the six education zones in Imo State. Eight
hundred and seventy five (875) students formed the sample
of this study which were selected using multi-stage
random sampling technique. Three instruments were used

to collect data for this study, namely; Morgan-Jinks
Student Self-Efficacy Scale (MJSSES), The Attribution
Scale for Students (ASS), and a Chemistry Achievement
Proforma (CAP).The Cronbach reliability coefficient for
MJSSES and ASS yielded 0.81 and 0.71 respectively. The
data collected from respondents were statistically
analyzed using multiple regression analysis via SPSS
version 20.The results revealed that self-efficacy and
attribution styles individually and jointly related
insignificantly with students’ chemistry achievement.
Although, these predictions were weak. These variables
contributed little to the variance observed in chemistry
achievement of secondary school students. This indicates
that other factors are contributing more to students’
achievement in chemistry other than their self-efficacy and
attribution styles. It was recommended among others that
there should be continuous public enlightenment
campaign on the importance of self-efficacy and
attribution styles by all stakeholders.

Author Biographies

Akanazu Eze C., Nnamdi Azikiwe University, Awka, Nigeria

Department of Science Education

J.N Okoli, Nnamdi Azikiwe University, Awka, Nigeria

Department of Science Education

Published
2019-12-12