FAST FOODS AND ITS HEALTH IMPLICATIONS AMONG YOUTHS IN EKOSODIN COMMUNITY, BENIN METROPOLIS

FAST FOODS AND ITS HEALTH IMPLICATIONS AMONG YOUTHS IN EKOSODIN COMMUNITY, BENIN METROPOLIS

  • Joy Omeneogor Enwelim Home Economics Department, Vocational Education, Federal College of Education (Technical) Asaba, Delta State, Nigeria
  • Blessing Igunbor Home Economics Department, Vocational Education, Federal College of Education (Technical) Asaba, Delta State, Nigeria.
Keywords: Fast foods, Junk foods, Youths, Snacks, Diseases

Abstract

The purpose of the study was to find out fast foods and its health implications among youths in Benin metropolis. Three research questions were raised. The descriptive survey research design was adopted for the study. A validated four-point scaled questionnaire was used for data collection. Copies of the questionnaire were administered to a sample size of 107 in Ekosodin community, Benin City. The estimated population of Ekosodin community is 10,715. Convenience sampling was used to obtain the sample for the study due to the COVID-19 pandemic. The data collected were analyzed using mean and standard deviation to analyze the research questions. The modified likert scale was used where SA=4 points, A=3 points, D=2 points, SD=1 point. The cut-off mark for decision making was 2.50 which is the average value of the likert point options. The findings revealed that youths indulge in regular consumption of fast foods for reasons such as it appealing to the senses( 3.66), satisfying their appetite (3.03), its low cost and sweetness(3.62), convenient to make, and so on. Regular consumption of fast food causes diabetes, coronary heart disease, cancers, obesity, reduction in life expectancy, constipation, and so on. These consequences can be remedied by engaging in physical exercises at least 150 minutes weekly; avoiding excess intake of carbohydrate and protein; energy intake derived from food should be made lesser than the total energy expenditure; avoid overeating and excess alcohol intake; and eat balanced diet rich in animal and plant proteins. It was therefore concluded that a more healthy diet can be achieved, not by a better balancing of nutrients, but by a careful selection of foods that will promote health. Thus, cultivation of a healthy eating pattern amongst individuals (mostly youths) would help in reducing weight gain, obesity and other diseases over time. It was recommended that decreasing dietary saturates (saturated fat) can help lower blood cholesterol, youths should form the habit of eating fruits and avoid fast foods, and lastly, snacks should not replace breakfast.

Author Biographies

Joy Omeneogor Enwelim, Home Economics Department, Vocational Education, Federal College of Education (Technical) Asaba, Delta State, Nigeria

Lecturer

Blessing Igunbor, Home Economics Department, Vocational Education, Federal College of Education (Technical) Asaba, Delta State, Nigeria.

Lecturer

Published
2020-07-03